Adolescents need to continue their immunization series and receive booster doses of vaccines for ongoing protection (immunity) against diseases. New vaccines have recently become available and are recommended for all adolescents. Immunizations have the potential to protect not only the health of adolescents but their friends, families, and communities. Below are the common shots recommended for adolescents:
TETANUS, DIPHTHERIA, PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH)
Outbreaks of pertussis occur every 3–5 years. Tdap vaccine protects adolescents from tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis disease. This preteen dose of Tdap boosts pertussis immunity in older children and protects those around them.
Rates of meningococcal disease begin to rise in early adolescence and continue to remain elevated through college age. Meningitis is a bacterial infection that can cause swelling of the lining around the brain and spinal cord. Keeping up to date with the recommended immunizations is the best defense against meningococcal disease.
HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV)
The HPV vaccine protects against the most common types of human papillomavirus, which are responsible for 70 percent of cervical cancers and 90 percent of genital warts. Both boys and girls should receive three doses of HPV vaccine for full protection. HPV vaccine works best when given to adolescents, allowing time for immunity to develop, which means better protection as your child gets older.
Influenza is a contagious infection of the nose, throat and lungs caused by a virus. The fl u is generally spread to others when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Flu symptoms include a cough, fever, chills, sore throat, muscle or body aches, runny or stuffy nose, headache and fatigue. Annual vaccination is recommended because flu viruses change from year to year.
Regular childhood vaccines are available for children who are eligible through the VFC (Vaccines for Children) program. These vaccines are available at no charge. VFC eligible children are 0-18 years of age who meet one or more of the following criteria:
- Enrolled in Medicaid
- Uninsured (have no insurance)
- American Indian/Alaskan Native
- Underinsured (have health care coverage but the benefit plan does not include coverage for immunizations)
Immunization schedule according to Advisory Committee on Immunization Practice (ACIP):
Previous immunization records are needed prior to or at the appointment time.
Appointments are preferred and can be made by calling Washington County Public Health at 319-653-7758 or 800-655-7758.
1st & 3rd Tuesdays and Thursdays
10:00-12:00 & 1:00-4:00 pm
at Federation Bank Building, 3rd floor
at Mercy Services Kalona